Econcult: Area of Research in Economics of Culture and Tourism

The third cultural sector

The third cultural sector
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Libro: Chaves Ávila, R. & MonzónCampos, J.L. (2020). Libro blanco de la economía social y del tercer sector de la Comunitat Valenciana.
Publisher: CIRIEC España
First page: 160
Last page: 200

The White paper on cooperativism and the social economy of the Valencian Community prepared by CIRIEC-Spain and published in 2019 showed that the Valencian social economy is a powerful social and economic reality in the region. But it also revealed that the social economy integrates, together with market-producing companies, a very broad network of non-market producing entities: associations, foundations and three unique entities such as Caritas, Red Cross and ONCE, a group better known as the Third Sector. The White Paper revealed that 90.2% of the 34,914 entities and companies of the Valencian social economy, 56.4% of its 9 million members, 37.9% of its 12,975.1 million euros of income and 57.4% of its 172,444 paid workers, to which must be added the more than half a million volunteers, belong to this Third Sector. Surprisingly, in spite of its socioeconomic importance, until now there have been few scientific studies that have addressed the whole of this Third Sector, as well as the different families that make it up in Spain, Europe and also in the Valencian Community. The aforementioned White Paper made a first exploration of some families of this great third sector. However, it became evident that a deeper study was necessary. And this is the main purpose of the present report, which constitutes the second part of the White Paper. The objectives of this study are fourfold: first, to make progress in the conceptual delimitation and in the external and internal perimeters of this part of the social economy, the non-market social economy, also known as the third sector. Secondly, to offer an overview of the overall quantitative dimensions and of the large families that make up the Valencian third sector. The third objective is to offer a characterization of the main families of the Valencian third sector, with special attention to the social, cultural, sports, development cooperation, foundational, voluntary and singular entities. The fourth objective is to identify the institutional, legal and public policy framework that affects the Valencian third sector.

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