Public policy, cultural policy and social participation: comparative case study of philharmonic societies in Bahia / Brazil and musical societies in Valencia / Spain
Libro: Doctoral Thesis
This study is dedicated to the analysis of cultural policies for the Bahian Philharmonic Societies (Brazil) and for the Valencian Musical Societies (Spain) developed since the end of the second half of the last century to the present day. It aims to understand the motivations of the precarious state of Bahian Philharmonic societies today, taking as a starting point the statement of Schwebel (1987) that attributes such condition, among other factors, to the abandonment of public power to these civil entities. The Valencian context is assumed as an object of comparison given the conjunctural antagonism of their musical societies, which has been growing rapidly and vigorously in recent decades. This research adopts as methods the bibliographic and documentary survey and the conduction of qualitative interviews in Bahia and Valencia. Its comparative approach reconstructs, initially, the history, the contemporary profile, the current role, the cultural management and the associativism of these cultural entities in their respective realities. Afterwards, it deals with the historical and reflective compilation of the Funarte Music Bands Project / Federal Government of Brazil, House of Philharmonics and Program of Support of Philharmonics of the Government of the State of Bahia, in addition to engaging in discussions about the relationship between Neojibá x philharmonic societies, the drive for indirect support by these entities, the politics of events and the representative capacity of Bahian philharmonics in spaces of formal participation in state cultural policy. The analysis goes to the Spanish context considering the Music 92 program, the Valencian Law of Music, the policies of the autonomous and provincial governments dedicated to the Valencian musical societies, reaching the private initiative, the indirect fomentation, the events and the instances of participation. The approach culminates in the discussion that confronts the two cases under study from the theoretical foundation of Public Policy Analysis, cultural policies and the notion of participation. The research concludes that cultural policy is crucial for the survival of philharmonic or musical societies, as long as it is understood as a locus of integrated action by the public power and civil society.