The Research Unit in Economics of Culture (Unidad de Investigación en Economía de la Cultura) was established in the Department of Applied Economics at the University of Valencia in 1997. Since then it has developed a continuing research work in the field of Cultural Economics, becoming one of the centers reference to national and international level. Since the middle of the first decade of the century is remarkable its internationalization process collaborating with projects in Latin America and Europe. In the period between 2011 and 2014, the unit was attached to the Interuniversity Institute for Local Development (Instituto Interuniversitario de Desarrollo Local), however from January 1, 2015 joins again the Department of Applied Economics. Econcult is a heterogeneous network of researchers from different universities and external partners, coordinated by Professor Pau Rausell. Since 2007 Professor Raül Abeledo is responsible for the development of European projects, and in 2014 Ramón Marrades joins as a hired investigator. Also, on different projects and processes more people have participated as researchers and collaborators, such as Salvador Carrasco, Vincent Coll, Luis Vila, Josep Sorribes, Rafael Boix, Julio Montagut, Francisco Marco-Serrano, Carolina Asuaga, Leandro Valiati, Reyes Marzal; collaborators such as Julia Sorribes, Adolf Boluda, Antonio Ramos Murphy, Antonio Martinez, Francesc Cabañes; doctorates such as Chwan Li, Sigrid Yanara, Amparo Civera, Vicent Arastey, Oscar Blanco.
Vision and Mission
Econcult, a research unit since 1995, specializes in the analysis of cultural activities and collective actions to promote cultural and creative sectors. As a research unit in the last 5 years it has participated in numerous international projects, regarding the effects of the cultural and creative activities in social innovation processes (SOSTENUTO), the role of spaces for creativity (3C4Incubators), the existence of regional development models based on cultural and creative industries (CREATIVEMED) or in identifying excellent practices in cultural policies in the urban and regional level (CULTURE FOR CITIES AND REGIONS). The team has 5 permanent staff and a large number of external partners and other research institutions. It is also deeply linked with international organizations like RELAIS CULTURE EUROPE (Paris), Fundación Roberto Cimetta, the URBEGO workgroup, CREATIVE ECONOMY CULTURE AND PUBLIC POLICIES (Brazil) and CULTURAL INDUSTRIES INSTITUTE OF THE UNIVERSITY OF YUNNAN (China), and interacts with the agents of innovation in culture and creativity at national, regional and local levels. Also in Spain, it has stable relations with the likes of the CRIT group from the University of Barcelona, Futurlab at University of Alicante or Métodos Cuantitativos de Medición de la Cultura from the University of Valencia.
The research over the last 20 years leads us to affirm that all the cultural and creative activities, either market or non-market, have transformative power over people and territory. Also, they could favor development, satisfying both the cultural rights of citizens and improving the structural conditions for economic growth, shifting its possibility frontier.
Throughout our history we have addressed aspects such as:
MACROECONOMIC DIMENSION of cultural and creative activities:
The metric of cultural and creative activities (The Economic Value of Culture in the Region of Murcia)
Causality between cultural and creative industries and development (EKONOMIAZ)
The effects of the cultural and creative sectors and per capita income, productivity, efficiency, global competitiveness. (SOSTENUTO project. Culture as a factor of economic and social innovation)
Territorial specificities. ¿Model based on culture innovation and creativity? (CreativeMed Project. Toolkit)
SECTOR AND MESOECONOMIC DIMENSION
The specifics of market cultural and creative industries
Culture and territory. Creative Territories
Consumer behavior / participants / creators
Production structure and function of organizations / projects from cultural and creative industries
Spaces for creativity and innovation in culture
ECONOMICS FOR A NEW POLICY FOR CULTURE, CREATIVITY AND INNOVATION
Centrality and transversality of the new cultural policies
Culture and sustainability
Good practices of regional and urban policies in the promotion of culture and creativity
Attention to the diffusion and access to culture, with emphasis on the creation and production processes
Networking, mobility and internationalization
Gender gaps and digital divide
Mainstream and opportunity of peripheral speeches
New instruments of cultural policy and new governance models
As a unit, Econcult has published in the past 20 years nearly a hundred works related to the Economy of Culture.